Personal, Social, Health and Citizenship Education (PSHCE) helps to give pupils the knowledge, skills and understanding they need to lead confident, healthy, independent lives and to become informed, active, responsible citizens. Pupils are encouraged to take part in a wide range of activities and experiences across and beyond the curriculum, contributing fully to the life of their school and communities. In doing so they learn to recognise their own worth, work well with others and become increasingly responsible for their own learning. They reflect on their experiences and understand how they are developing personally and socially, tackling many of the spiritual, moral, social and cultural issues that are part of growing up. Pupils also find out about the main political and social institutions that affect their lives and about their responsibilities, rights and duties as individuals and members of communities. They learn to understand and respect our common humanity, diversity and differences so that they can go on to form the effective, fulfilling relationships that are an essential part of life and learning.
PSHCE is taught both explicitly in the form of standalone lessons and implicitly through other curricular areas. This can take the shape of adults modelling good practice in terms of listening and respect for others as well as the children working co-operatively and listening to each other’s thoughts and opinions.
To provide opportunities for all pupils to learn and to achieve.
To promote pupils’ spiritual, moral, social and cultural development and prepares all pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of life.
The Framework for PSHE
The knowledge, skills and understanding to be taught in 4 interrelated sections:
1. Developing confidence and responsibility and making the most of pupils’ abilities.
2. Preparing to play an active role as citizens.
3. Developing a healthy, safer lifestyle.
4. Developing good relationships and respecting the differences between people.
Help from Home
Much can be done at home by parents in order to help children further develop their personal, social and emotional skills. This can include promoting independence and responsibility by encouraging your children to attempt homework on their own first before asking for help, preparing their own book bags for school and being expected to hand over letters, etc received from school. Social and emotional skills can be developed by questioning children about their day, asking them what they have done and how they enjoyed the tasks. Taking time to have family discussions or conversations, encouraging children to discuss any fears or concerns they have and then modelling full answers as well as good eye contact will help build confidence. This will also improve social skills as well as develop children’s speaking and listening skills.
Encouraging children to think about keeping themselves healthy and safe as well as modelling and re-enforcing the need to have a respectful attitude towards others will also help children to develop into rounded individuals who make good choices. These things will help to consolidate the values that they are taught at school.